Fresh Air http://northernpublicradio.org en How Scientists Created A Typhus Vaccine In A 'Fantastic Laboratory' http://northernpublicradio.org/post/how-scientists-created-typhus-vaccine-fantastic-laboratory When Germany invaded the Soviet Union during World War II, Nazi commanders had another worry besides the Red Army. Epidemics of typhus fever, which is transmitted by body lice, killed untold numbers of soldiers and civilians during and after World War I.<p>As World War II raged, typhus reappeared in war-torn areas and in Jewish ghettos, where cramped, harsh conditions were a perfect breeding ground for lice.<p>So the Nazis employed Dr. Rudolf Weigl to produce a typhus vaccine. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:38:54 +0000 editor 51033 at http://northernpublicradio.org How Scientists Created A Typhus Vaccine In A 'Fantastic Laboratory' Fresh Air Remembers Actress And Singer Elaine Stritch http://northernpublicradio.org/post/fresh-air-remembers-actress-and-singer-elaine-stritch Transcript <p>TERRY GROSS, HOST: <p>This is FRESH AIR. We're going to listen back to an excerpt of my interview with Elaine Stritch, a performer lucky enough to have debuted songs by Noel Coward and Stephen Sondheim and to have been coached by each of them. She died last Thursday at the age of 89. Stritch used to describe herself as a Catholic, diabetic, alcoholic pain in the ass. Her Broadway career began in 1946. Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:34:00 +0000 editor 51039 at http://northernpublicradio.org On 'Tomlinson Hill,' Journalist Seeks Truth And Reconciliation http://northernpublicradio.org/post/tomlinson-hill-journalist-seeks-truth-and-reconciliation As the great-great-grandson of Texas slaveholders, journalist Chris Tomlinson wanted to find out what crimes his ancestors had committed to maintain power and privilege.<p>So he went to Tomlinson Hill, the plantation his ancestors built in the 1850s, to not only explore the slave-owning part of his family tree, but also to find the descendants of the slaves who kept the Tomlinson name after they were freed.<p>Tomlinson had spent 11 years for the <em>Associated Press</em> reporting on wars and conflicts, mostly in Africa, including the end of apartheid and the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide. Mon, 21 Jul 2014 19:31:00 +0000 editor 50970 at http://northernpublicradio.org On 'Tomlinson Hill,' Journalist Seeks Truth And Reconciliation Fresh Air Weekend: Angela Ricketts; Chaz Ebert And Steve James http://northernpublicradio.org/post/fresh-air-weekend-angela-ricketts-chaz-ebert-and-steve-james Fresh Air Weekend<em> highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors, and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:</em><p><strong>An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War':</strong> In her new book, Angela Ricketts writes about raising three kids while her husband deployed eight times over 22 years. Sat, 19 Jul 2014 16:38:00 +0000 editor 50896 at http://northernpublicradio.org Fresh Air Weekend: Angela Ricketts; Chaz Ebert And Steve James 'Live In The Present': Charlie Haden Remembered http://northernpublicradio.org/post/live-present-charlie-haden-remembered <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IkudQrnQFHc</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8eMfc6TjoA</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeNMnMY9VWE</p> Fri, 18 Jul 2014 17:16:00 +0000 editor 50853 at http://northernpublicradio.org 'Live In The Present': Charlie Haden Remembered 'Trans Bodies, Trans Selves': A Modern Manual By And For Trans People http://northernpublicradio.org/post/trans-bodies-trans-selves-modern-manual-and-trans-people The growing number of people who identify as transgender is raising a lot of interesting and complicated questions about gender identity.<p>The new book <em>Trans Bodies, Trans Selves</em> is a collection of essays describing the varied experiences of transgender people — and the social, political and medical issues they face. It's written by and for transgender and gender-nonconforming people.<p>The idea was inspired by the groundbreaking 1970s feminist health manual <em>Our Bodies, Ourselves</em>.<p>That book "was put together ... by a group of women who ... Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:33:00 +0000 editor 50794 at http://northernpublicradio.org 'Trans Bodies, Trans Selves': A Modern Manual By And For Trans People Every Composer Needs A Great Storyteller http://northernpublicradio.org/post/every-composer-needs-great-storyteller The legendary German conductor Otto Klemperer was one of the most profound musicians of the 20<sup>th</sup> Century. In the 1960s, nearing the end of his career, he overcame many physical handicaps to create an astonishing body of recorded classical music. EMI has just reissued a broad spectrum of his recordings, including a box set of one of the composers he's most associated with: Gustav Mahler. <em>Fresh Air</em> classical music critic Lloyd Schwartz has a review of <em>Mahler: Symphonies 2, 4, 7 & 9 / Das Lied von der Erde</em>. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 Lloyd Schwartz 50735 at http://northernpublicradio.org Nigeria's Boko Haram 'More Extreme Than Al-Qaida,' Journalist Says http://northernpublicradio.org/post/nigerias-boko-haram-more-extreme-al-qaida-journalist-says The Nigerian group Boko Haram is part of a new generation of Islamist extremists. It was founded in 2002, but received only limited, periodic attention until April when it kidnapped more than 200 girls after raiding a school in northeastern Nigeria and threatening to marry the girls off or sell them as slaves. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 17:55:00 +0000 editor 50736 at http://northernpublicradio.org Nigeria's Boko Haram 'More Extreme Than Al-Qaida,' Journalist Says The Cowboy That Wasn't A Cowboy Sings http://northernpublicradio.org/post/cowboy-wasnt-cowboy-sings Cowboy Jack Clement, who died in 2013 at age 82, was a prolific producer, songwriter, arranger, and talent scout. He brought Jerry Lee Lewis to Sun Records, helped nurture the career of one of the few black country stars, Charley Pride, and worked on important albums for artists as various as Waylon Jennings and U2.<p>Jack Clement only made three albums of his own, the last of which is the new <em>For Once and For All</em>. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 19:03:00 +0000 Ken Tucker 50671 at http://northernpublicradio.org An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War' http://northernpublicradio.org/post/army-wife-charts-her-struggles-no-mans-war People often expect military wives to be strong and stoic. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 19:03:00 +0000 editor 50672 at http://northernpublicradio.org An Army Wife Charts Her Struggles In 'No Man's War'